Tag Archive | Dinu Lipatti

Ο Dinu Lippati στο «μικροσκόπιο»

Dinu_Lipatti

Constantin Lipatti (from childhood called by the diminutive «Dinu») was born in Bucharest into a musical family: his father was a violinist who had studied with Pablo de Sarasate and Carl Flesch,[1] his mother a pianist. For his baptism, which occurred not shortly after birth as is usual, but when he was old enough to play the piano, the violinist and composerGeorge Enescu agreed to be his godfather. Lipatti played a minuet by Mozart at his own baptism.[1] He studied at theGheorghe Lazăr High School, while studying piano and composition with Mihail Jora for three years. He then attended the Bucharest Conservatoire, studying under Florica Musicescu, who also taught him privately.[1] In June 1930, the best pupils at the Conservatoire gave a concert at the Bucharest Opera, and the 13-year old Lipatti received a huge ovation for his performance of the Grieg Piano Concerto in A minor.[1] In 1932 he won prizes for his compositions: a Piano Sonatina, and a Sonatina for Violin and Piano. That year he also won a Grand Prize for his symphonic suite Les Tziganes.[1] He entered the 1933 Vienna International Piano Competition but finished second to Polish pianist Bolesław Kon (1906-1936), some say controversially. Alfred Cortot, who thought Lipatti should have won, resigned from the jury in protest.[2]Lipatti subsequently studied in Paris under Cortot, Nadia Boulanger (with whom he recorded some of Brahms‘s Waltzes Op. 39), Paul Dukas (composition) and Charles Munch (conducting). At eighteen, Lipatti gave his recital debut in Paris at the École Normale. On 17 May 1935, three days before the concert, his friend and teacher, Paul Dukas, died and in his memory Lipatti opened his program with J. S. Bach‘s Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring in the transcription by Myra Hess,[1] the first piece he publicly performed as an adult pianist. Lipatti’s career was interrupted by World War II. Although he gave concerts across the Nazi-occupied territories, as the war grew closer he fled his native Romania with his companion and fellow pianist, Madeleine Cantacuzene, settling in Geneva, Switzerland where he accepted a position as professor of piano at the conservatory. It was at this time that the first signs of his illness emerged. At first, doctors were baffled, but in 1947 he was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s disease[3] He and Madeleine eventually married in 1947 but Lipatti’s health continued to decline. As a result, his public performances became considerably less frequent after the war. His energy level was improved for a time by then experimental injections of cortisone and his collaboration with record producer Walter Legge between 1947 and 1950 resulted in the majority of the recordings of Lipatti’s playing. Lipatti gave his final recital, also recorded, on 16 September 1950 at the Besançon Festival in France. Despite severe illness and a high fever, he gave superb performances of Bach’s Partita No. 1 in B-flat major, Mozart’s A minor Sonata, K. 310, Schubert‘s G flat major and E flat major Impromptus, Op. 90, and thirteen of the fourteen Chopin Waltzes which he played in his own integral order. Coming to the last one, No. 2 in A-flat, he found he was too exhausted to play it and he offered instead Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring, the piece with which he had begun his professional career only fifteen years before. He died less than 3 months later, in Geneva, aged 33. Lipatti is buried at the cemetery of Chêne-Bourg next to his wife Madeleine (1915-1982), a noted piano teacher.[citation needed]

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Ο εγχώριος μουσικός ‘τύπος’ για το 2πλό cd των Enescu-Lipatti…

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Μια προσέγγιση-«κριτική» στο σπουδαίο διπλό cd των Enescu & Lipatti, από το http://www.avopolis.gr:

«Ο συνθέτης βιολονίστας μαέστρος και δάσκαλος George Enescu (1881-1955) και ο πιανίστας και συνθέτης Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950) –ο οποίος έφυγε από τη ζωή σε νεαρότατη ηλικία από ανίατη ασθένεια–υπήρξαν συμπατριώτες (αμφότεροι Ρουμάνοι), φίλοι και συνεργάτες. Ο Lipatti έχει ηχογραφήσει έργα για πιάνο του Enescu, ενώ οι δύο τους έχουν ηχογραφήσει έργα του δεύτερου για βιολί και πιάνο (Σονάτα νούμερο 2 και 3, Op. 6 και 25, αντίστοιχα).

Το πρόβλημα με ιστορικές ηχογραφήσεις σαν και το Interpreteaza Enescu Si Lipatti των George Enescu & Dinu Lipatti είναι η ίδια η ποιότητα του ήχου. Ειδικά η λιγότερο ή περισσότερο πολυπληθής ορχήστρα είναι καλό να ακούγεται καθαρά γιατί αλλιώς χάνεται η μαγεία της ακρόασης. Αλλά και τα έργα μουσικής δωματίου στη συγκεκριμένη ιστορική ηχογράφηση είναι θολά και θορυβώδη, μην αφήνοντάς σου περιθώριο να διακρίνεις πέρα από τη συγκίνηση να ακούς τον ίδιο τον Enescu να παίζει τα ίδια του τα έργα με την ιδιότητα του βιολονίστα. Δεν μπορείς έτσι, να αποκομίσεις μια καθαρή εικόνα για τα έργα–τόσο τα δικά του, όσο και του Lipatti.

Ωστόσο, ακόμα και σε αυτές τις περιπτώσεις κάποιο έργο με αξία και ιδιαιτερότητα στη γραφή ξεπερνά τις ηχητικές δυσκολίες. Πιο συγκεκριμένα, η “Sonatina Pentru Mana Stanga” του Lippati είναι ένα μικρό κομψοτέχνημα πιανιστικής γραφής το οποίο, παρ’ όλη τη δεξιοτεχνική πλευρά του –ειδικά το πρώτο μέρος είναι ένα συνεχές κατεβατό από νότες–αποδεικνύεται υπέροχο στο άκουσμα, όντας απλό και συνεπές με σαφείς αναφορές στον Ούγγρο συνθέτη Bela Bartok. Επίσης ο Lipatti, μέσω της μακρινής αυτής ηχητικής καταγραφής αποδεικνύει τη φήμη που τον ακολουθούσε εν ζωή για την ερμηνευτική του ικανότητα. Είναι ίσωςτο μόνο έργο για το οποίο αξίζει να προμηθευτεί κανείς το εν λόγω CD, λαμβάνοντας βέβαια υπόψη τις ηχητικές δυστοκίες στο άκουσμα των υπολοίπων συνθέσεων.»

Στις 27 Ιουλίου 1950, μίλησε ο ‘Μεγάλος’ Lipatti…

Μία από τις μόλις 3 ραδιοφωνικές συνεντεύξεις (που έχουν διασωθεί) του σπουδαίου Dinu Lipatti, στο ελβετικό ραδιόφωνο:

Enescu & Lipatti…

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Τα περιεχόμενα αυτής της εξαιρετικής διπλής έκδοσης του συνθέτη, βιολονίστα, μαέστρου και καθηγητή George Enescu (1881-1955) και του πιανίστα & συνθέτη Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950), ακολουθούν παρακάτω:

 

ENESCU SI LIPATTI interpreteaza ENESCU SI LIPATTI
CD 1
Suita nr.1 pentru orchestra in Do major op.9 (1903) (George Enescu)
1. I.Preludiu la unison
2. II.Menuet lent
3. III.Intermediu
4. IV.Final
Orchestra simfonic a Filarmonicii din Bucuresti, dirijor George Enescu
Suita nr.1 pentru pian in Sol minor op.3 (1897) “in stil vechi” (fragmente)
5. I.Preludiu
6. II.Adagio
7. III.Fuga
George Enescu la pian
Suita nr.2 pentru pian in Re major op.10 (1903)
8. I.Sarabanda
9. II.Pavanne
10. III.Bourree
George Enescu –pian (I,II), Dinu Lipatti –pian (III)
CD 2
Sonata nr.2 pentru vioara si pian in Fa minor op.6 (1899) (George Enescu)
1. I.Assez mouvemente
2. II.Tranquillement
III.Vif
George Enescu –vioara, Dinu Lipatti –pian
Sonata nr.3 pentru vioara si pian in La minor op.25 (1926) “In caracter popular romanesc”
3. I.Moderato malinconico
4. II.Andante sostenuto e misterioso
5. III.Allegro con brio, ma non troppo mosso
George Enescu –vioara, Dinu Lipatti –pian
Concertino in stil clasic pentru pian si orchestra de camera (1936) (Dinu Lipatti 1917-1950)
6. I.Allegro maestoso
2. II.Adagio molto
3. III.Allegretto
4. IV.Allegro molto
Dinu Lipatti –pian
Orchestra de camera din Berlin, dirijor Hans von Benda
Sonatina pentru mana stanga (1941)
10. I.Allegro
11. II.Andante espressivo
12. III.Allegro
Dinu Lipatti – pian

Και ένα κατατοπιστικότατο review από το amazon.com:

5.0 out of 5 stars A place of highest honor in recording history. April 9, 2006

«George Enescu was without any doubt one of the most musical gifted minds of all times. Not only an eminent composer whose works are being rediscovered now, but also a leading violinist of his generation (fortunately for us, the highly recommended CD containing his solo recordings for Columbia is still available from its producer, Biddulph Recordings, England). Not only was he a distinguished conductor (he conducted amongst many famous ensembles, the New York Philharmonic and the Paris Symphony Orchestra), but also a gifted teacher (his illustrious list of pupils including Yehudi Menuhin, Arthur Grumiaux, Ivry Gitlis, Christian Ferras and Ida Haendel). And as seen from these recordings, a very capable pianist as well (it was said that he could also play the cello…). Indeed, at his 1950 farewell concerto in New York, Enescu appeared as a violinist (with Yehudi Menuhin in Bach’s «Double Concerto»), pianist (in his own Violin Sonata with Menuhin) and conductor (of his «Romanian Rhapsody»).

Before tragically dying at the young age of 33, Dinu Lipatti was already established as one of the most talented pianists of his generation and well on his way of becoming one of the greatest ever. His recordings for EMI are all legendary stuff, but little is known that, he (as many good musicians of the old European school) was also an accomplished composer. His «Concertino in Classic Style» must be one of the most joyful and lyrical pieces ever composed and is, incidentally, one of my wife’s all time favorites. It makes you yearn for more of the same, such as «The Gypsies Symphonic Suite», the `Symphonie Concertante for 2 Pianos & String Orchestra» or the «Romanian Dances for Piano & Grand Orchestra», all wonderful orchestral compositions, which are, unfortunately, rarely performed outside Romania.

A nice addition to Enescu’s First Orchestral Suite presented here would be the complete cycle recorded by the renowned Lawrence Foster and his Monte Carlo Philharmonic. For all of Enescu’s Piano Suites look no further than the ones majestically performed by the young virtuoso, Luiza Borac (also available in SACD). Nothing equals Enescu’s interpretation of his own Violin Sonatas presented here (though Yehudi Menuhin came the closest…).

For a more contemporary reading of Lipatti’s Concertino in Classic Style and more of his piano works, Marco Vincenzi under the Italian label Dynamic offers an attractive addition.

The two CDs presented here occupy without question a place of highest honor in recording history. I am confident that any knowledgeable music lover who listens to these CDs will arrive at the same conclusion

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